Popular singers on this genre in the Thirties and 1940s included Zhou Xuan, Li Xianglan and Yao Lee. Chinese philosophers took varying approaches to music. To Confucius, a correct form of music is important for the cultivation and refinement of the person, and the Confucian system considers the formal music yayue to be morally uplifting and the image of a good ruler and steady government. Some popular forms of music, however, have been thought of corrupting within the Confucian view. Mozi then again condemned making music, and argued in Against Music (非樂) that music is an extravagance and indulgence that serves no helpful purpose and could also be dangerous.
Re-enactment of a traditional music efficiency at Hubei Provincial Museum in Wuhan. After the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, a brand new quick tempo Northwest Wind (xibeifeng, 西北風) fashion was launched by protesters to counter the government.