Programming Language

For example, one process can regulate tempo, and another process, operating within the prescribed tempo framework, can implement a temporary speeding up and slowing down, or rubato. While difficult to define precisely, a key characteristic of music is the presentation of sound in some form of temporal organization. Thus, time features prominently in music representations and music programming languages. We have mentioned a number of dimensions in which computer music languages differ from “ordinary” general purpose programming languages.

One of the main principle of object oriented programming language is encapsulation that everything an object will need must be inside of the object. This language also emphasizes reusability through inheritance and the capacity to spread current implementations without having to change a great deal of code by using polymorphism. Assembly language is a very simple programming language that uses mnemonics to directly represent machine code instructions. It uses labels to represent the memory addresses of branch destinations and data.

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But it is more popular for its common gateway interface programming . It is a term for programs that web servers can perform to allow additional capabilities of web pages. Pearl language is a method for searching text and it is used for useful server functions and other databases, and it is very easy to pick up the fundamentals if you have any experience in any language. As a CGi language, web hosting services select Perl language over C++ language. However the value of this language gives the reusability of C++ to get the slight increase in performance with C language.

You’ll see ad results based on factors like relevance, and the amount sellers pay per click. The first note starts at time 0, uses instrument #1, has a duration of 0.5 s, and has two more parameters for amplitude and pitch control. At right, a Max program to show the number of button presses in the previous 5 s.

  • FORMULA was an early system with elaborate mechanisms for tempo and time deformation.
  • This allows the code to speak a common language and is an ideal choice for developers working on cross-platform networks.
  • In particular, languages such as ABC for encoding music notation are common.
  • There are low-level and high-level programming languages which, although simple compared to human languages, are more complex than machine languages.
  • JavaScript is thought to be the programming language for the web.
  • Assembly language programs are often written for specific hardware which means they are often incompatible with different hardware.

Similarly, music systems can keep track of simulated, or logical time, computing the precise, ideal time at which events should occur. When a real-time system falls behind , the system can compute the next event earlier to catch up, and if logical time is greater than real time, the system can wait. Thus, systems based on precise logical times can avoid accumulating timing errors.

Programming Languages

Ambitious language development projects can be accomplished faster than ever before. Failure to provide these amenities makes new languages more difficult to learn and use. SuperCollider illustrates some of the trade-offs faced by language designers.


The functional programming approach seems natural for signal processing because it is a good match to synchronous data flow or stream-processing behaviors that we see inside unit generators. Functional programming is also natural for the expression of interconnected graphs of unit generators. However, it is also natural to view unit generators as stateful objects that operate on signals synchronously while allowing asynchronous updates to parameters such as volume, frequency, and resonance.